This book documents the socio-environmental context and early history of Hawaii's attempt to substitute renewable energy sources and energy efficiency measures for oil imports. It identifies areas of policy formulation where clean energy strategies were effective and areas where the state's policy strategy was either inappropriate or constrained by political or institutional factors.Although Hawaii's Clean Energy Initiative is a unique partnership, formulated to meet Hawaii's specific needs and resources, the policy process addressed problems that are common outside the state. While the case study involves clean energy policies, many of the issues are applicable to public policy development topics in other sectors. Examples of these "general interest" policy topics include:- understanding how the political and socioeconomic climate may influence policy assumptions- formulating a regulatory and legal framework for monitoring policy compliance- designing and understanding the implications of subsidy and tax-incentive policies- managing conflicts with policies in other sectors,- addressing the interests of existing and future stakeholders,- creating strategies for public consultation and information dissemination,- using external expertise from government agencies, academic institutions and private consultants,- designing performance and evaluation metrics for measuring progress. The book is intended for use in graduate and senior undergraduate courses dealing with the formulation, implementation and impact of public policy. It also provides researchers involved in the development and implementation of clean energy with a guide to the hurdles likely to be encountered in moving innovation from the technical sphere to the practical real world and how to overcome them. Professional policymakers may benefit from an example of a process to create a workable clean energy policy.
Even though the emergence and expansion of textile manufacturing in Ethiopia was initiated around the year 1925, the majority of textile factories were not well established until and after the 1950s. Much of the factories are still publicly controlled. The industry focuses largely on the domestic market. The main problems are related with globalization and competition in the local and international market. The sector can only play its role properly and become competitive when it improves its product quality, productivity, pricing strategy, machinery conditions and the general marketing activities. Improving the quality of cotton is the essential factor to improve the quality of fabrics and yarns in the factory. In marketing, the brand name is the major selling tool and one of the most important components of product personality. Public - private partnership may be the recommended solution for problems prevail in the textile sector. This book gives conceptual framework of marketing mix elements and should be especially useful to organizations engaged in textile investment to be competent in the international market, or anyone else who is professional in textile marketing.
All former socialist/communist countries, including those in a post-conflict situation as Kosovo is, have undertaken reform of their national governance system. These countries, as an alternative to traditionally hierarchical, authoritarian and rigid model of public administration have chosen a new model that is based on continues dialogue and partnership with various social actors working jointly for public good. This process itself has incorporated the re-definition of the role of the state in public management, as well as closer relationship with the private sector and civil society in service delivery. Generally, this book is expected to contribute to a better understanding of function of a modern and market driving institution ,that will not be anymore the only choice for the training of civil servants, but also the best choice for the continues professional development of civil servants, but not limited to them. Also, alternative solutions offered by this book will contribute to increase motivation, attract "an élite" end ensure long-term commitment of individuals to work in the public sector.
Today it is clearly evident that the governments, of every level, cannot complete all the growing needs of the population for the main services, by acting alone. The need for asking support from another sector, for the completions of these services constitutes the necessity for a collaboration with the private sector. The partnership of the public sector with the private one, is one of the most promising forms for resolving different problems. This collaboration aims at recognizing the benefits that those two sectors can have, from the financial resources, the experience and professional knowledge of the base public services, aimed for the whole citizens. The actors of the private sector can be different investors, financial lending institutions, as well as companies that offer the construction and the operational service. The actors of the public sector are the public authorities that design and implement the policies of a PPP, as well as those authorities that procure the funds for the financing of the PPP agreement, while not forgetting the general public who uses the assets that are offered by the PPP.
The study investigated patterns of street-begging, support services and vocational aspirations of people living with disabilities. 131 male and female street-beggars who are blind, deaf, crippled, intellectually disabled, etc were used. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and t-test were employed. The results showed that age, gender and marital status stood out as significant moderators of patterns of street-begging while educational level and religion did not, also educational level and religion influenced the support services while age, gender and marital status did not, all moderating variables were not significant on the vocational aspirations. It was recommended that Government should establish public counseling clinic for professional counselors and allowing them to establish private counseling clinic just like private hospitals established by Doctors in Nigeria . It was specifically recommended that four (4) rehabilitation/vocational training centers should be established in 774 local governments areas ( i.e 3,096) in Nigeria through the partnership collaboration between the three (3) tiers of Government and World bodies such as World Bank, UNESCO, UNDP,UNICEF, and British Council
Cleaner Production (CP) is a concept which aims to encourage industries and consumers to adopt sustainable environmental practices. In Georgia, the industrial sector has a unique opportunity to gain large benefits from the implementation of CP because of the current transition of the country towards the market oriented economy. The aim of the present research is to determine particular actions needed to overcome existing barriers. The research reveals that the implementation of the CP concept requires building institutional capacity of the country to facilitate partnership between the government and the private sector. Regulatory and economic instruments which can help boosting the implementation of CP measures are identified. Moreover, the need for formation of appropriate professional capacity on CP through vocational schools, training centers, and universities is evaluated and outcomes are presented. The research reveals that it is also necessary to raise general awareness of consumers and the entire public to promote CP at the national level.
This collection of case studies in public management bridges the gap between mainstream CSR - confined to the for-profit corporations - and the vast bodies of workers and organizations that make up government and its public administration. The variety and discretion of managerial endeavours in public management calls for accountability and responsibility of government beyond current legal instruments: The book argues that CSR must be brought to bear with government. In government in fact, knowledge management is not a linear process, but the result of working with passion of the parts, implying discretionary behaviour and creativity which in turn imply choice and responsibility. Cases ranging from the USA to Central America, New Zealand and Europe all confirm the complex nature of public management, entailing partnership synergy for disaster recovery, the intertwined link between management and new technology and mindfulness at individual level. The cases are set in a framework by theoretical essays on bureaucratic behaviour and unknown stakeholders. Public-sector management has long drawn upon principles, tools, and techniques developed in the private sector, aiming to infuse bureaucracies with touches of efficiency and productivity. But good governance is also central to good management. This fascinating, wide-ranging volume shows how ideas from the Corporate Social Responsibility movement apply to the governance and administration of public agencies. A series of detailed and informative case studies, written by researchers and practitioners with deep knowledge of their industries and agencies, explores the challenges of managing public and government agencies in a socially responsible manner. The book offers a nuanced and balanced portrait that calls for greater public involvement and oversight in keeping public organizations on track. Highly recommended! Peter G. Klein University of Missouri Norwegian School of Economics and Mises Institute Here are six compelling case studies that reveal the relevance, even the imperative, of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the public sector. In doing so, the authors simultaneously expand the role of CSR and provide us with a refreshed concept of government and public management. The authors then lay the theoretical groundwork for their observations in ways that enrich our understanding of both CSR and the evolving roles of government in our lives. This is &#8220;must reading&#8221; for corporate officers and for public managers. Thomas R. Sexton Stony Brook University, NY College of Business and School of Professional Development
Luke Him Sau/Lu Qianshou (1904-1991) is best known internationally and in China as the architect of the iconic Bank of China Headquarters in Shanghai. One of the first Chinese students to be trained at the Architectural Association in London in the late 1920s, Luke's long, prolific and highly successful career in China and Hong Kong offers unique insights into an extraordinary period of Chinese political turbulence that scuppered the professional prospects and historical recognition of so many of his colleagues. Global interest in China has risen exponentially in recent times, creating an appetite for the country's history and culture. This book satiates this by providing a highly engaging and visual account of China's 20th-century architecture through the lens of one of the country's most distinguished yet overlooked designers. It features over 250 new colour photographs by Edward Denison of Luke's buildings and original archive material. The book charts Luke's life and work, commencing with his childhood in colonial Hong Kong and his apprenticeship with a British architectural firm before focusing on his education at the Architectural Association (1927-30). In London, Luke was offered the post of Head of the Architecture Department at the newly established Bank of China, where IM Pei's father was a senior figure. Luke spent the next seven years in the inimitable city of Shanghai designing buildings all over China for the Bank before the Japanese invasion in 1937 forced him, and countless others, to flee to the proxy wartime capital of Chongqing. In 1945 he returned to Shanghai where he formed a partnership with four other Chinese graduates of UK universities; but civil war (between the Communists and Nationalists) once again caused him and others to uproot in 1949. Initially intent on fleeing with the Nationalists to Taiwan, Luke was almost convinced to stay in Communist China but decided finally to move to Hong Kong. There, for the third time in his life, he had to establish his career all over again. Despite many challenges, he eventually prospered, becoming a pioneer in the design of private residences, schools, hospitals, chapels and public housing.
This guide for tomorrow&#8217;s urban practitioner systematically explains fifteen best practices across three continents; it explores questions of broad interest for designing and planning the future of cities and regions. Key questions addressed are: Is simulation useful to explore the effects of different design, policy and planning strategies? Which approach will help manage the uncertainties of metropolitan areas both today and tomorrow ? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the different simulation practices for city leadership, public and private partnership, and citizen involvement? The book reviews computer models and media, socio-political initiatives, professional practices which help communicating the future effects of different design, political and planning strategies with a wide range of aims: from information, through consultation, towards active participation. These world best practices are considered according to four leading issues for urban and regional development, respectively Simulation, Scenario and Visioning, Government and Governance, and Scale. The book examines the approaches adopted technically and procedurally. The selected knowledge and the innovative tools used in each case study are among the most advanced and up-to-date in the professional and research fields. This volume successfully illustrates these innovative practices and methodologies in a straightforward and accessible way.